In Greek mythology, He was the king of Mycenae or Argos , son of King Atreus and Queen Aerope. His brother was Menelaus, who was married to Helen, the main characters that nvolved in the events leading to the Trojan War. He was married to Clytemnestra, and had four children;

  • Iphigenia,
  • Orestes,
  • Chrysothemis
  • Electra, also known as Laodike.


When Agamemnon and Menelaus were still young, they were forced to flee Mycenae, as their cousin Aegisthus effectively took possession of the throne, an act that culminated after a long-time clash between their own fathers. Agamemnon and Menelaus found refuge in Sparta, in the court of King Tyndareus, and they later married Tyndareus’ daughters, Clytemnestra and Helen respectively. After Tyndareus’ death, Menelaus became king, while Agamemnon intend to retake the throne of Mycenae, exiling Aegisthus and his father.


Later, the prince of Troy, Paris, helped by Aphrodite, abducted Helen, Menelaus’ wife, and went back to Troy. Agamemnon agreed to assist his brother to take her back and declared war on Troy. However, as the ships were geared up to set sail, Agamemnon’s army infuriated the goddess Artemis, who propelled difficulties against them. The prophet Calchas realised that Artemis’ fury would only be appeased by the sacrifice of Agamemnon’s daughter Iphigenia. This part of the myth has different versions, as to whether Iphigenia accepted her fate or she was tricked thinking she would be married to Achilles. In the end, she was sacrificed; however, there are alternatives to this part as well. Some sources say that she was sacrificed, while in others, Artemis replaced her with a deer and took her to the region of Tauris in the Crimean Peninsula. Agamemnon never found out.


After the end of the war, Agamemnon returned home safely, where Clytemnestra had  in love with Aegisthus. The two of them plotted against Agamemnon and killed him, thus Aegisthus became the ruler of Mycenae once again. Orestes, Agamemnon’s son, later revenged his father’s death by killing the two lovers; however, this caused the destruction of the Erinyes, because he committed matricide.

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